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Graves’ disease

What is Graves’ Disease?

Graves’ disease is an autoimmune disease in which the thyroid gland is overactive and produces large amounts of hormones. This causes various health problems. Characteristic are a high heart rate and weight loss. In addition to the phenomenon of an overactive thyroid gland, approximately 20% of patients experience eye complaints. Eye symptoms often begin up to six months before or after the diagnosis is made.

The cause is unknown. It is thought to be caused by environmental factors and heredity. It is known that women are diagnosed more often than men.

Being told that vision is affected can turn the world upside down. When the first emotions subside, the knowledge that one is not alone may provide support. There are many people in the same situation, some who have just been diagnosed themselves and some who have been living with it for years.

Image view without and with Graves' disease
Left: normal vision. Right: view with Graves’ disease

What are the symptoms of Graves’ Disease?

Symptoms are:

Symptoms that occur if someone with Graves’ disease also has eye complaints are:

What can one expect from Graves’ Disease?

The treatment focuses on treating the thyroid gland. There are three methods to treat this:

Various treatments are available for the resulting eye problems, ranging from pain medication to special glasses or surgery. The eye symptoms due to Graves’ disease can last for some time. Once the disease has stopped progressing, corrective surgery can correct certain problems, such as overall comfort, double vision, and even improving the appearance of the eyes.

Discuss the best options with a doctor or specialist.

Learn more about Graves’ Disease

There is extensive information available about Graves’ Disease. This information is intended to inform you about the most important aspects of this eye condition and is not intended to replace the information one receives from the doctor or eye specialist.

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